Section: Maintenance Commands (8)Updated: 30 December 2009Local indexUp
fsarchiver - filesystem archiver
fsarchiver is a system tool that allows you to save the contents of a
filesystem to a compressed archive file. The file-system can be restored
on a partition which has a different size and it can be restored on a
different file-system. Unlike tar/dar, FSArchiver also creates the
filesystem when it extracts the data to partitions. Everything is
checksummed in the archive in order to protect the data. If the archive
is corrupt, you just lose the current file, not the whole archive.
Restore filesystems from
This overwrites the existing data on
indicates the part of the archive to restore.
Optionally, a filesystem may be converted to
(similar to a compressed tarball).
Restore data from
which is not based on a filesystem to
Show information about an existing
file and its contents.
Show list of filesystems detected on the disks.
Show help and information about how to use fsarchiver with examples.
Show program version and exit.
Verbose mode (can be used several times to increase the level of details).
The details will be printed to the console.
Overwrite the archive if it already exists instead of failing.
Debug mode (can be used several times to increase the level of details).
The details will be written in /var/log/fsarchiver.log.
Allow to save a filesystem which is mounted in read-write (live backup).
By default fsarchiver fails with an error if the partition if mounted
in read-write mode which allows modifications to be done on the filesystem
during the backup. Modifications can drive to inconsistencies in the backup.
Using lvm snapshots is the recommended way to make backups since it will
provide consistency, but it is only available for filesystems which are on
Allow to run savefs when partition is mounted without the acl/xattr options.
By default fsarchiver fails with an error if the partition is mounted
in such a way that the ACL and Extended-Attributes are not readable. These
attributes would not be saved and then such attributes could be lost. If you
know what you don't need ACL and Extended-Attributes to be preserved then
it's safe to run fsarchiver with that option.
-e pattern, --exclude=pattern
Exclude files and directories that match that pattern. The pattern can
contains shell asterisks such as * and ?, and the pattern may be either
a simple file/dir name or an absolute file/dir path. You must use quotes
around the pattern each time you use wildcards, else it would be interpreted
by the shell. The wildcards must be interpreted by fsarchiver. See examples
below for more details about this option.
-L label, --label=label
Set the label of the archive: it's just a comment about the contents.
It can be used to remember a particular thing about the archive or the
state of the filesystem for instance.
-z level, --compress=level
Valid compression levels are between 1 (very fast) and 9 (very good).
The memory requirement increases a lot with the best compression levels,
and it's multiplied by the number of compression threads (option -j).
Level 9 is considered as an extreme compression level and requires an
huge amount of memory to run.
For more details please read this page: http://www.fsarchiver.org/Compression
-s mbsize, --split=mbsize
Split the archive into several files of mbsize megabytes each.
-j count, --jobs=count
Create more than one compression thread. Useful on multi-core CPUs.
By default fsarchiver will only use one compression thread (-j 1) and
then only one logical processor will be used for compression.
You should use that option if you have a multi-core CPU or more than one
physical CPU on your computer. The typical way to use this option is to
specify the number of logical processors available so that all the
processing power is used to compress the archive very quickly. You may
also want to use all the logical processors but one for that task so that
the system stays responsive for other applications.
-c password, --cryptpass=password
Encrypt/decrypt data in archive. Password length: 6 to 64 chars.
You can either provide a real password or a dash ("-c -") with this option
if you do not want to provide the password in the command line and you
want to be prompted for a password in the terminal instead.
save only one filesystem (/dev/sda1) to an archive:
fsarchiver savefs /data/myarchive1.fsa /dev/sda1
save two filesystems (/dev/sda1 and /dev/sdb1) to an archive: