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IPSEC

IPSEC

Section: strongSwan (8) Updated: 2010-05-30
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NAME

ipsec - invoke IPsec utilities  

SYNOPSIS

ipsec command [ arguments ] [ options ]

 

DESCRIPTION

The ipsec utility invokes any of several utilities involved in controlling and monitoring the IPsec encryption/authentication system, running the specified command with the specified arguments and options as if it had been invoked directly. This largely eliminates possible name collisions with other software, and also permits some centralized services.

All the commands described in this manual page are built-in and are used to control and monitor IPsec connections as well as the IKE daemons.

For other commands ipsec supplies the invoked command with a suitable PATH environment variable, and also provides IPSEC_DIR, IPSEC_CONFS, and IPSEC_VERSION environment variables, containing respectively the full pathname of the directory where the IPsec utilities are stored, the full pathname of the directory where the configuration files live, and the IPsec version number.

 

CONTROL COMMANDS

ipsec start [ starter options ]
calls ipsec starter which in turn parses ipsec.conf and starts the IKEv1 pluto and IKEv2 charon daemons.

ipsec update
sends a HUP signal to ipsec starter which in turn determines any changes in ipsec.conf and updates the configuration on the running IKEv1 pluto and IKEv2 charon daemons, correspondingly.

ipsec reload
sends a USR1 signal to ipsec starter which in turn reloads the whole configuration on the running IKEv1 pluto and IKEv2 charon daemons based on the actual ipsec.conf.

ipsec restart
is equivalent to ipsec stop followed by ipsec start after a guard of 2 seconds.

ipsec stop
terminates all IPsec connections and stops the IKEv1 pluto and IKEv2 charon daemons by sending a TERM signal to ipsec starter.

ipsec up name
tells the responsible IKE daemon to start up connection name.

ipsec down name
tells the responsible IKE daemon to terminate connection name.

ipsec down name{n}
terminates IKEv2 CHILD SA instance n of connection name.

ipsec down name{*}
terminates all IKEv2 CHILD SA instances of connection name.

ipsec down name[n]
terminates all IKEv2 IKE SA instance n of connection name.

ipsec down name[*]
terminates all IKEv2 IKE SA instances of connection name.

ipsec route name
tells the responsible IKE daemon to insert an IPsec policy in the kernel for connection name. The first payload packet matching the IPsec policy will automatically trigger an IKE connection setup.

ipsec unroute name
remove the IPsec policy in the kernel for connection name.

ipsec status [ name ]
returns concise status information either on connection name or if the argument is lacking, on all connections.

ipsec statusall [ name ]
returns detailed status information either on connection name or if the argument is lacking, on all connections.

 

LIST COMMANDS

ipsec listalgs
returns a list all supported IKE encryption and hash algorithms, the available Diffie-Hellman groups, as well as all supported ESP encryption and authentication algorithms registered via the Linux kernel's Crypto API.
Supported by the IKEv1 pluto daemon only.

ipsec listpubkeys [ --utc ]
returns a list of RSA public keys that were either loaded in raw key format or extracted from X.509 and|or OpenPGP certificates.
Supported by the IKEv1 pluto daemon only.

ipsec listcerts [ --utc ]
returns a list of X.509 and|or OpenPGP certificates that were either loaded locally by the IKE daemon or received via the IKEv2 protocol.

ipsec listcacerts [ --utc ]
returns a list of X.509 Certification Authority (CA) certificates that were loaded locally by the IKE daemon from the /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/ directory or received in PKCS#7-wrapped certificate payloads via the IKE protocol.

ipsec listaacerts [ --utc ]
returns a list of X.509 Authorization Authority (AA) certificates that were loaded locally by the IKE daemon from the /etc/ipsec.d/aacerts/ directory.

ipsec listocspcerts [ --utc ]
returns a list of X.509 OCSP Signer certificates that were either loaded locally by the IKE daemon from the /etc/ipsec.d/ocspcerts/ directory or were sent by an OCSP server.

ipsec listacerts [ --utc ]
returns a list of X.509 Attribute certificates that were loaded locally by the IKE daemon from the /etc/ipsec.d/acerts/ directory.

ipsec listgroups [ --utc ]
returns a list of groups that are used to define user authorization profiles.
Supported by the IKEv1 pluto daemon only.

ipsec listcainfos [ --utc ]
returns certification authority information (CRL distribution points, OCSP URIs, LDAP servers) that were defined by ca sections in ipsec.conf.

ipsec listcrls [ --utc ]
returns a list of Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs) that were either loaded by the IKE daemon from the /etc/ipsec.d/crls directory or fetched from an HTTP- or LDAP-based CRL distribution point.

ipsec listocsp [ --utc ]
returns revocation information fetched from OCSP servers.

ipsec listcards [ --utc ]
list all certificates found on attached smart cards.
Supported by the IKEv1 pluto daemon only.

ipsec listall [ --utc ]
returns all information generated by the list commands above. Each list command can be called with the --utc option which displays all dates in UTC instead of local time.

 

REREAD COMMANDS

ipsec rereadsecrets
flushes and rereads all secrets defined in ipsec.secrets.

ipsec rereadcacerts
reads all certificate files contained in the /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts directory and adds them to the list of Certification Authority (CA) certificates.

ipsec rereadaacerts
reads all certificate files contained in the /etc/ipsec.d/aacerts directory and adds them to the list of Authorization Authority (AA) certificates.

ipsec rereadocspcerts
reads all certificate files contained in the /etc/ipsec.d/ocspcerts/ directory and adds them to the list of OCSP signer certificates.

ipsec rereadacerts
reads all certificate files contained in the /etc/ipsec.d/acerts/ directory and adds them to the list of attribute certificates.

ipsec rereadcrls
reads all Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs) contained in the /etc/ipsec.d/crls/ directory and adds them to the list of CRLs.

ipsec rereadall
executes all reread commands listed above.

 

PURGE COMMANDS

ipsec purgeike
purges IKEv2 SAs that don't have a CHILD SA.

ipsec purgeocsp
purges all cached OCSP information records.

 

INFO COMMANDS

ipsec --help
returns the usage information for the ipsec command.

ipsec --version
returns the version in the form of Linux strongSwan U<strongSwan userland version>/K<Linux kernel version> if strongSwan uses the native NETKEY IPsec stack of the Linux kernel it is running on.

ipsec --versioncode
returns the version number in the form of U<strongSwan userland version>/K<Linux kernel version> if strongSwan uses the native NETKEY IPsec stack of the Linux kernel it is running on.

ipsec --copyright
returns the copyright information.

ipsec --directory
returns the LIBEXECDIR directory as defined by the configure options.

ipsec --confdir
returns the SYSCONFDIR directory as defined by the configure options.
 

FILES

/usr/local/lib/ipsec   usual utilities directory
 

ENVIRONMENT

The following environment variables control where strongSwan finds its components. The ipsec command sets them if they are not already set.


IPSEC_DIR               directory containing ipsec programs and utilities
IPSEC_SBINDIR           directory containing ipsec command
IPSEC_CONFDIR           directory containing configuration files
IPSEC_PIDDIR            directory containing PID files
IPSEC_NAME              name of ipsec distribution
IPSEC_VERSION           version numer of ipsec userland and kernel
IPSEC_STARTER_PID       PID file for ipsec starter
IPSEC_PLUTO_PID         PID file for IKEv1 keying daemon
IPSEC_CHARON_PID        PID file for IKEv2 keying daemon
 

SEE ALSO

ipsec.conf(5), ipsec.secrets(5)

 

HISTORY

Originally written for the FreeS/WAN project by Henry Spencer. Updated and extended for the strongSwan project <http://www.strongswan.org> by Tobias Brunner and Andreas Steffen.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONTROL COMMANDS
LIST COMMANDS
REREAD COMMANDS
PURGE COMMANDS
INFO COMMANDS
FILES
ENVIRONMENT
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:01:49 GMT, April 16, 2011