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IPSEC LWDNSQ

IPSEC LWDNSQ

Section: 28 October 2006 (8) Updated: 11/14/2008
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NAME

lwdnsq - lookup items in DNS to help pluto (and others)  

SYNOPSIS

ipsec lwdnsq [--prompt] [--serial] [--debug] [--log logfile] [--regress] [--ignoreeof]

 

DESCRIPTION

The ipsec lwdnsq is a helper program that does DNS lookups for other programs. It implements an asynchronous interface on stdin/stdout, with an ASCII driven command language.

If stdin is a tty or if the --prompt option is given, then it issues a prompt to the user. Otherwise, it is silent, except for results.

The program will accept multiple queries concurrently, with each result being marked with the ID provided on the output. The IDs are strings.

If the --serial option is given, then the program will not attempt to execute concurrent queries, but will serialize all input and output.  

QUERY LANGUAGE

There are twelve commands that the program understands. This is to lookup different types of records in both the forward and reverse maps. Every query includes a queryid, which is returned in the output, on every single line to identify the transaction.  

HELP

This request lists the available commands  

QUIT

This request causes lwdnsq to quit.  

DEBUG

This request enables debugging.  

KEY queryid FQDN

This request looks up the KEY resource record for the given FQDN..  

KEY4 queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks up the KEY resource record found in the reverse map for the IP version 4 address A.B.C.D, i.e. it looks up D.C.B.A.in-addr.arpa.  

KEY6 queryid A:B::C:D

This request looks up the KEY resource record found in the reverse map for the IPv6 address A:B::C:D, i.e. it looks the 32-nibble long entry in ip6.arpa (and ip6.int).  

TXT queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks up the TXT resource record found[?]  

TXT4 queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks up the TXT resource record found in the reverse map for the IP version 4 address A.B.C.D, i.e. it looks up D.C.B.A.in-addr.arpa.  

TXT6 queryid A:B::C:D

This request looks up the TXT resource record found in the reverse map for the IPv6 address A:B::C:D, i.e. it looks the 32-nibble long entry in ip6.arpa (and ip6.int).  

KEY queryid FQDN

This request looks up the IPSECKEY resource record for the given FQDN.. See note about IPSECKEY processing, below.  

IPSECKEY queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks up the IPSECKEY resource record found in the reverse map[?]  

IPSECKEY4 queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks up the IPSECKEY resource record found in the reverse map for the IP version 4 address A.B.C.D, i.e. it looks up D.C.B.A.in-addr.arpa. See special note about IPSECKEY processing, below.  

IPSECKEY6 queryid A:B::C:D

This request looks up the IPSECKEY resource record found in the reverse map for the IPv6 address A:B::C:D, i.e. it looks the 32-nibble long entry in ip6.arpa (and ip6.int). See special note about IPSECKEY processing, below.  

OE4 queryid A.B.C.D

This request looks an appropriate record for Opportunistic Encryption for the given IP address. This attempts to look for the delegation record. This may be one of IPSECKEY, KEY, or TXT record. Unless configured otherwise, (see OE4 Directives, below), then a query type of ANY will be used to retrieve all relevant records, and all will be returned.  

OE6 queryid A:B::C:D

This request looks an appropriate record for Opportunistic Encryption for the given IPv6 address. This attempts to look for the delegation record. This may be one of IPSECKEY, KEY, or TXT record. Unless configured otherwise, (see OE Directives, below), then a query type of ALL will be used to retrieve all relevant records, and all will be returned. i.e. it looks the 32-nibble long entry in ip6.arpa (and ip6.int).  

A queryid FQDN

This request looks up the A (IPv4) resource record for the given FQDN..  

AAAA queryid FQDN

This request looks up the AAAA (IPv6) resource record for the given FQDN..  

VPN4

synonomous for KEY4  

VPN6

synonomous for KEY6  

REPLIES TO QUERIES

All replies from the queries are in the following format:


<ID> <TIME> <TTL> <TYPE> <TYPE-SPECIFIC> \n

ID

this is the queryid value that was provided in the query. It is repeated on every line to permit the replies to be properly associated with the query. When the response is not ascribable to particular query (such as for a mis-formed query), then the query ID "0" will be used.

TIME

this is the current time in seconds since epoch.

TTL

for answers which have a time to live, this is the current value. The answer is valid for this number of seconds. If there is no useful value here, then the number 0 is used.

TYPE

This is the type of the record that is being returned. The types are described in the next section. The TYPE specific data that follows is specific to the type.

The replies are limited to 4096 bytes, a value defined as LWDNSQ_RESULT_LEN_MAX. This is defined in freeswan.h.

All of the replies which include resource records use the standard presentation format (with no line feeds or carriage returns) in their answer.  

START

This reply indicates that a query has been received and has been started. It serves as an anchor point for timing, as well as an acknowledgement.  

DONE

This reply indicates that a query is entirely over, and no further information from this query will be sent.  

RETRY

This reply indicates that a query is entirely over, but that no data was found. The records may exist, but appropriate servers could not be reached.  

FATAL

This reply indicates that a query is entirely over, and that no data of the type requested could be found. There were no timeouts, and all servers were available and confirmed non-existances. There may be NXT records returned prior to this.  

CNAME

This is an interim reply, and indicates that a CNAME was found (and followed) while performing the query. The value of the CNAME is present in the type specific section.  

CNAMEFROM

This is an interim reply, and indicates that a CNAME was found. The original name that was queries for was not the canonical name, and this reply indicates the name that was actually followed.  

NAME

This is an interim reply. The original name that was queries for was not the canonical name. This reply indicates the canonical name.  

DNSSEC

This is an interim reply. It is followed either by "OKAY" or "not present. It indicates if DNSSEC was available on the reply.  

TXT and AD-TXT

This is an interim reply. If there are TXT resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

A and AD-A

This is an interim reply. If there are A resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

AAAA and AD-AAAA

This is an interim reply. If there are AAAA resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

PTR and AD-PTR

This is an interim reply. If there are PTR resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

KEY and AD-KEY

This is an interim reply. If there are KEY resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

IPSECKEY and AD-IPSECKEY

This is an interim reply. If there are IPSEC resource records in the reply, then each one is presented using this type. If preceded by AD-, then this record was signed with DNSSEC.  

SPECIAL IPSECKEY PROCESSING

At the time of this writing, the IPSECKEY resource record is not entirely specified. In particular no resource record number has been assigned. This program assumes that it is resource record number 45. If the file /etc/ipsec.d/lwdnsq.conf exists, and contains a line like


ipseckey_rr=number

then this number will be used instead. The file is read only once at startup.  

OE DIRECTIVES

If the file /etc/ipsec.d/lwdnsq.conf exists, and contains a line like


queryany=false

then instead of doing an ALL query when looking for OE delegation records, lwdnsq will do a series of queries. It will first look for IPSECKEY, and then TXT record. If it finds neither, it will then look for KEY records of all kinds, although they do not contain delegation information.  

SPECIAL IPSECKEY PROCESSING


/etc/ipsec.d/lwdnsq.conf

 

BUGS

Not all listed commands are actually implemented.  

AUTHOR

Michael Richardson <mcr@sandelman.ottawa.on.ca>.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
QUERY LANGUAGE
HELP
QUIT
DEBUG
KEY queryid FQDN
KEY4 queryid A.B.C.D
KEY6 queryid A:B::C:D
TXT queryid A.B.C.D
TXT4 queryid A.B.C.D
TXT6 queryid A:B::C:D
KEY queryid FQDN
IPSECKEY queryid A.B.C.D
IPSECKEY4 queryid A.B.C.D
IPSECKEY6 queryid A:B::C:D
OE4 queryid A.B.C.D
OE6 queryid A:B::C:D
A queryid FQDN
AAAA queryid FQDN
VPN4
VPN6
REPLIES TO QUERIES
START
DONE
RETRY
FATAL
CNAME
CNAMEFROM
NAME
DNSSEC
TXT and AD-TXT
A and AD-A
AAAA and AD-AAAA
PTR and AD-PTR
KEY and AD-KEY
IPSECKEY and AD-IPSECKEY
SPECIAL IPSECKEY PROCESSING
OE DIRECTIVES
SPECIAL IPSECKEY PROCESSING
BUGS
AUTHOR

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:01:49 GMT, April 16, 2011