lvcreate creates a new logical volume in a volume group ( see
) by allocating logical extents from the free physical extent pool
of that volume group. If there are not enough free physical extents then
the volume group can be extended ( see
) with other physical volumes or by reducing existing logical volumes
of this volume group in size ( see
). If you specify one or more PhysicalVolumes, allocation of physical
extents will be restricted to these volumes.
The second form supports the creation of snapshot logical volumes which
keep the contents of the original logical volume for backup purposes.
See lvm for common options.
-c, --chunksize ChunkSize
Power of 2 chunk size for the snapshot logical volume between 4k and 512k.
-C, --contiguous y|n
Sets or resets the contiguous allocation policy for
logical volumes. Default is no contiguous allocation based
on a next free principle.
-i, --stripes Stripes
Gives the number of stripes.
This is equal to the number of physical volumes to scatter
the logical volume.
-I, --stripesize StripeSize
Gives the number of kilobytes for the granularity of the stripes.
StripeSize must be 2^n (n = 2 to 9) for metadata in LVM1 format.
For metadata in LVM2 format, the stripe size may be a larger
power of 2 but must not exceed the physical extent size.
Gives the number of logical extents to allocate for the new
The number can also be expressed as a percentage of the total space
in the Volume Group with the suffix %VG, as a percentage of the
remaining free space in the Volume Group with the suffix %FREE, as a
percentage of the remaining free space for the specified
PhysicalVolume(s) with the suffix %PVS, or (for a snapshot) as a
percentage of the total space in the Origin Logical Volume with the
-L, --size LogicalVolumeSize[bBsSkKmMgGtTpPeE]
Gives the size to allocate for the new logical volume.
A size suffix of K for kilobytes, M for megabytes,
G for gigabytes, T for terabytes, P for petabytes
or E for exabytes is optional.
Default unit is megabytes.
Set the minor number.
-M, --persistent y|n
Set to y to make the minor number specified persistent.
-m, --mirrors Mirrors
Creates a mirrored logical volume with Mirrors copies. For example,
specifying "-m 1" would result in a mirror with two-sides; that is, a
linear volume plus one copy.
Specifying the optional argument --nosync will cause the creation
of the mirror to skip the initial resynchronization. Any data written
afterwards will be mirrored, but the original contents will not be
copied. This is useful for skipping a potentially long and resource
intensive initial sync of an empty device.
The optional argument --mirrorlog specifies the type of log to be used.
The default is disk, which is persistent and requires
a small amount of storage space, usually on a separate device from the
data being mirrored. Using core means the mirror is regenerated
by copying the data from the first device again each time the
device is activated, for example, after every reboot. Using "mirrored"
will create a persistent log that is itself mirrored.
The optional argument --corelog is equivalent to --mirrorlog core.
-n, --name LogicalVolumeName
The name for the new logical volume.
Without this option a default names of "lvol#" will be generated where
# is the LVM internal number of the logical volume.
Disable udev synchronisation. The
process will not wait for notification from udev.
It will continue irrespective of any possible udev processing
in the background. You should only use this if udev is not running
or has rules that ignore the devices LVM2 creates.
Start or avoid monitoring a mirrored or snapshot logical volume with
dmeventd, if it is installed.
If a device used by a monitored mirror reports an I/O error,
the failure is handled according to
mirror_image_fault_policy and mirror_log_fault_policy
set in lvm.conf.
Make no attempt to interact with dmeventd unless --monitor
-p, --permission r|rw
Set access permissions to read only or read and write.
Default is read and write.
-r, --readahead ReadAheadSectors|auto|none
Set read ahead sector count of this logical volume.
For volume groups with metadata in lvm1 format, this must
be a value between 2 and 120.
The default value is "auto" which allows the kernel to choose
a suitable value automatically.
"None" is equivalent to specifying zero.
-R, --regionsize MirrorLogRegionSize
A mirror is divided into regions of this size (in MB), and the mirror log
uses this granularity to track which regions are in sync.
Create a snapshot logical volume (or snapshot) for an existing, so called
original logical volume (or origin).
Snapshots provide a 'frozen image' of the contents of the origin
while the origin can still be updated. They enable consistent
backups and online recovery of removed/overwritten data/files. The snapshot
does not need the same amount of storage the origin has. In a typical scenario,
15-20% might be enough. In case the snapshot runs out of storage, use
to grow it. Shrinking a snapshot is supported by
as well. Run
on the snapshot in order to check how much data is allocated to it.
Note that a small amount of the space you allocate to the snapshot is
used to track the locations of the chunks of data, so you should
allocate slightly more space than you actually need and monitor the
rate at which the snapshot data is growing so you can avoid running out
Create a sparse device of the given size (in MB by default) using a snapshot.
Anything written to the device will be returned when reading from it.
Reading from other areas of the device will return blocks of zeros.
It is implemented by creating a hidden virtual device of the
requested size using the zero target. A suffix of _vorigin is used for
-Z, --zero y|n
Controls zeroing of the first KB of data in the new logical volume.
Default is yes.
Volume will not be zeroed if read only flag is set.
Snapshot volumes are zeroed always.
Warning: trying to mount an unzeroed logical volume can cause the system to
"lvcreate -i 3 -I 8 -L 100M vg00" tries to create a striped logical
volume with 3 stripes, a stripesize of 8KB and a size of 100MB in the volume
group named vg00. The logical volume name will be chosen by lvcreate.
"lvcreate -m1 -L 500M vg00" tries to create a mirror logical volume
with 2 sides with a useable size of 500 MiB. This operation would
require 3 devices - two for the mirror devices and one for the disk
"lvcreate -m1 --mirrorlog core -L 500M vg00" tries to create a mirror logical volume
with 2 sides with a useable size of 500 MiB. This operation would
require 2 devices - the log is "in-memory".
"lvcreate --size 100m --snapshot --name snap /dev/vg00/lvol1"
creates a snapshot logical volume named /dev/vg00/snap which has access to the
contents of the original logical volume named /dev/vg00/lvol1
at snapshot logical volume creation time. If the original logical volume
contains a file system, you can mount the snapshot logical volume on an
arbitrary directory in order to access the contents of the filesystem to run
a backup while the original filesystem continues to get updated.
"lvcreate --virtualsize 1T --size 100M --snapshot --name sparse vg1"
creates a sparse device named /dev/vg1/sparse of size 1TB with space for just
under 100MB of actual data on it.
"lvcreate -L 64M -n lvol1 vg00 /dev/sda:0-7 /dev/sdb:0-7"
creates a linear logical volume "vg00/lvol1" using physical extents
/dev/sda:0-7 and /dev/sdb:0-7 for allocation of extents.