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MICROCODE_CTL

MICROCODE_CTL

Section: Maintenance Commands (8) Updated: 19 September 2006
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NAME

microcode_ctl - microcode utility for Intel IA32 processors  

SYNOPSIS

microcode_ctl [-h] [-u] [-q] [-Q] [-f microcode]
 

DESCRIPTION

The microcode_ctl utility is a companion to the IA32 microcode driver written by Tigran Aivazian <tigran@aivazian.fsnet.co.uk>. The utility has two uses:

a) it decodes and sends new microcode to the kernel driver to be uploaded to Intel IA32 processors. (Pentium Pro, PII, Celeron, PIII, Xeon, Pentium 4 etc)

b) it signals the kernel driver to release the buffers containing the copy of microcode data actually applied to given CPU, linear array of 2048 bytes per CPU, see struct microcode in include/asm/processor.h for information on the layout of chunks buffers may hold

The microcode update is volatile and needs to be uploaded on each system boot i.e. it doesn't reflash your cpu permanently, reboot and it reverts back to the old microcode.

-h
display usage and exit
-u
upload microcode (from default filename)
-f
upload microcode from named Intel formatted file
-q
run silently when successful
-Q
run silently even on failure
 

EXAMPLE

microcode_ctl -u
Upload microcode using defaults
 

FILES

/usr/share/misc/intel-microcode.dat
The default microcode location
 

AUTHOR

Microcode utility written by Simon Trimmer
Linux Kernel driver written by Tigran Aivazian.  

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to either Simon Trimmer <simon@urbanmyth.org> or Tigran Aivazian <tigran@aivazian.fsnet.co.uk>  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2000 VERITAS Software
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  

SPECIAL THANKS

Thanks to the Intel Corporation, for supplying microcode update data and publishing the specifications that enabled us to write microcode driver for Linux.
 

SEE ALSO

The brave are recommended to view the driver source code located in the Linux Kernel source tree in arch/i386/kernel/microcode.c

Visit http://www.urbanmyth.org/microcode/ for more information and microcode updates.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
FILES
AUTHOR
REPORTING BUGS
COPYRIGHT
SPECIAL THANKS
SEE ALSO

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Time: 22:01:58 GMT, April 16, 2011