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MKINITRAMFS

MKINITRAMFS

Section: mkinitramfs manual (8) Updated: 2010/04/07
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NAME

mkinitramfs - low-level tool for generating an initramfs image

 

SYNOPSIS

mkinitramfs [-c compress] [-d confdir] [-k] -o outfile [-r root] [-v] [version]

mkinitramfs [--supported-host-version= hversion]

mkinitramfs [--supported-target-version= tversion]

 

DESCRIPTION

The mkinitramfs script generates an initramfs image. The initramfs is a compressed cpio archive. The archive can be used on a different box of the same arch with the corresponding Linux kernel. mkinitramfs is meant for advanced usage. On your local box update-initramfs calls mkinitramfs with the relevant parameters. update-initramfs keeps sha1sum of generated initramfs. It takes care to generate backups and eventually runs the bootloader.

At boot time, the kernel unpacks that archive into RAM disk, mounts and uses it as initial root file system. All finding of the root device happens in this early userspace.

 

OPTIONS

-c compress
Override the COMPRESS setting in initramfs.conf.

-d confdir
Set an alternate configuration directory.

-k
Keep the temporary directory used to make the image.

-o outfile
Write the image to outfile.

-r root
Override the ROOT setting in initramfs.conf.

-v
Set the verbose mode output.

version
Set the kernel version of the initramfs image (defaults to the running kernel).

--supported-host-version=hversion
This option queries if mkinitramfs can create ramdisks on a running kernel of version hversion.

--supported-target-version=tversion
This option queries if mkinitramfs can create ramdisks for kernel version tversion.

 

ENVIRONMENT

mkinitramfs honours the TMPDIR environment variable. If set, it uses subdirectories in the given directory to create its temporary working directories. Else it uses /tmp as default value for that purpose. The given directory should be on a filesystem which allows the execution of files stored there, i.e. should not be mounted with the noexec mount option.

 

FILES

/etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf
The default configuration file for the script. See initramfs.conf(5) for a description of the available configuration parameter.

/etc/initramfs-tools/modules
Specified modules will be put in the generated image and loaded when the system boots. The format - one per line - is identical to that of /etc/modules, which is described in modules(5).

/etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d
The conf.d directory allows to hardcode bootargs at initramfs build time via config snippets. This allows to set ROOT or RESUME. This is especially useful for bootloaders, which do not pass an root bootarg.

/etc/initramfs-tools/DSDT.aml
If this file exists, it will be appended to the initramfs in a way that causes it to be loaded by ACPI.

 

EXAMPLES

Create an initramfs for current running kernel:

mkinitramfs -o ~/tmp/initramfs-$(uname -r)

Create an initramfs for specific kernel and keep builddirs:

mkinitramfs -k -o ~/tmp/initramfs-2.6.21-686 2.6.21-686

Debug initramfs creation (check out written logfile)

sh -x mkinitramfs -o ~/tmp/initramfs-$(uname -r) 2> ~/tmp/log

 

AUTHOR

The initramfs-tools are written by Maximilian Attems <maks@debian.org>, Jeff Bailey <jbailey@raspberryginger.com> and numerous others.

 

SEE ALSO

initramfs.conf(5), initramfs-tools(8), update-initramfs(8).


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
ENVIRONMENT
FILES
EXAMPLES
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:01:59 GMT, April 16, 2011