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PERL-NOCEM

PERL-NOCEM

Section: InterNetNews Documentation (8) Updated: 2009-08-16
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NAME

perl-nocem - A NoCeM-on-spool implementation for INN 2.x  

SYNOPSIS

perl-nocem  

DESCRIPTION

NoCeM, which is pronounced No See 'Em, is a protocol enabling authenticated third-parties to issue notices which can be used to cancel unwanted articles (like spam and articles in moderated newsgroups which were not approved by their moderators). It can also be used by readers as a third-party killfile. It is intended to eventually replace the protocol for third-party cancel messages.

perl-nocem processes third-party, PGP-signed article cancellation notices. It is possible not to honour all NoCeM notices but only those which are sent by people whom you trust (that is to say if you trust the PGP key they use to sign their NoCeM notices). Indeed, it is up to you to decide whether you wish to honour their notices, depending on the criteria they use.

Processing NoCeM notices is easy to set up:

1.
Import the keys of the NoCeM issuers you trust in order to check the authenticity of their notices. You can do:

    gpg --no-default-keyring --primary-keyring=/etc/news/pgp/ncmring.gpg \
        --no-options --allow-non-selfsigned-uid --no-permission-warning \
        --batch --import <key-file>

where <pathetc> is the value of the pathetc parameter set in inn.conf and <key-file> the file containing the key(s) to import. The keyring must be located in <pathetc>/pgp/ncmring.gpg; you only have to create the directory <pathetc>/pgp before using gpg (it will automatically generate the ncmring.gpg file). For old PGP-generated keys, you may have to use --allow-non-selfsigned-uid if they are not properly self-signed, but anyone creating a key really should self-sign the key. Current PGP implementations do this automatically.

The keys of NoCeM issuers can be found in the web site of The NoCeM Registry: <http://www.xs4all.nl/~rosalind/nocemreg/nocemreg.html>. You can even download there a unique file which contains all the keys.

2.
Create a nocem.ctl config file in pathetc indicating the NoCeM issuers and notices you want to follow. This permission file contains lines like:

    bleachbot@httrack.com:spam,site
    pgpmoose@killfile.org:pgpmoose-forged-moderation

This will remove all articles for which the issuer (first part of the line, before the colon ":") has issued NoCeM notices corresponding to the criteria specified after the colon.

You will also find information about that on the web site of The NoCeM Registry.

3.
Add to the newsfeeds file an entry like this one in order to feed perl-nocem the NoCeM notices posted to alt.nocem.misc and news.lists.filters:

    nocem!\
        :!*,alt.nocem.misc,news.lists.filters\
        :Tc,Wf,Ap:<pathbin>/perl-nocem

with the correct path to perl-nocem, located in <pathbin>. Then, reload the newsfeeds file ("ctlinnd reload newsfeeds 'NoCeM channel feed'").

Note that you should at least carry news.lists.filters on your news server (or other newsgroups where NoCeM notices are sent) if you wish to process them.

4.
Everything should now work. However, do not hesitate to manually test perl-nocem with a NoCeM notice, using:

    grephistory '<Message-ID>' | perl-nocem

Indeed, perl-nocem expects tokens on its standard input, and grephistory can easily give it the token of a known article, thanks to its Message-ID.

When you have verified that everything works, you can eventually turn off regular spam cancels, if you want, not processing any longer cancels containing "cyberspam" in the Path: header (see the refusecybercancels parameter in inn.conf).  

FILES

pathbin/perl-nocem
The Perl script itself used to process NoCeM notices.
pathetc/nocem.ctl
The configuration file which specifies the NoCeM notices to be processed.
pathetc/pgp/ncmring.gpg
The keyring which contains the public keys of trusted NoCeM issuers.
 

BUGS

The Subject: header is not checked for the @@NCM string and there is no check for the presence of the References: header.

The Newsgroups: pseudo header is not checked, but this can be done in local_want_cancel_id().

The Hierarchies: header is ignored.  

HISTORY

Copyright 2000 by Miquel van Smoorenburg <miquels@cistron.nl>.

Copyright 2001 by Marco d'Itri <md@linux.it>.

$Id: perl-nocem.in 8539 2009-06-28 10:01:24Z iulius $  

SEE ALSO

gpgv(1), grephistory(1), inn.conf(5), newsfeeds(5), pgp(1).


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FILES
BUGS
HISTORY
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 22:02:08 GMT, April 16, 2011